By describing individuals in the way others see them, the CPI assessments illustrate a range of personal and work-related characteristics, motivations, and thinking styles - as well as different ways people manage themselves and deal with others. Built on 50-plus years of exceptional history, validity, and reliability, the California Psychological Inventory™ (CPI™) assessments are powerful leadership development and selection tools that help individuals and leaders improve their performance. The tool is a personality inventory that describes and predicts what people will say or do in specific contexts. It is known to have high reliability and validity and its accuracy and ability to predict work behaviour has been demonstrated in several settings.
  • Applications: The CPI260™ assessment provides valuable insights that support leadership and coaching, performance improvement, and selection initiatives.

Evolution & Model

The goal of the CPI260™ assessment, which is derived from the full 434-item California Psychological Inventory™ (CPI™) instrument, is to give a true-to-life description of the respondent in clear, everyday language (Gough & Bradley, 2005). The CPI260™ assessment measures 29 distinct psychological constructs grouped into 6 scale categories:

  • 7 Dealing with Others scales, focusing on the manner in which social participation is expressed
  • 7 Self-management scales, assessing self-discipline and acceptance of societal rules
  • 3 Motivations and Thinking Style scales
  • 3 Personal Characteristics scales
  • 6 Work-Related Measures scales, assessing disposition at work
  • 3 High-Order Measures scales, assessing personal orientations

The attributes of the CPI260™ instrument come from the language of everyday life, more specifically from what may be called “folk concepts” (Gough & Bradley, 2005). A folk concept is a construct about personality that all people everywhere use to comprehend their behavior and the behavior of others.

The CPI260™ instrument was designed to assess a sufficient number of folk concepts so that any consequential, recurring form of interpersonal behavior can be forecast, either from a single scale or from a combination of scales.


The tool is helpful for human resource and training personnel, as well as consultants involved in recruitment and selection, executive development and leadership training programs:

Recruitment: Skilled interviewers can ask questions that reveal some aspects of an applicant’s true behaviour, but the CPI260™ instrument, with its validity detectors, provides further insights with extraordinary accuracy.

Cost Savings: The CPI260™ instrument can be administered to large groups of people and computer-scored at very low cost.

Personal Growth: It uses non-technical language and describes behaviour in everyday terms that are easily comprehended.

Program Details

Anahat's CPI260™ certification aims to provide a clear understanding of the construction and scales of the instrument, as well as proficiency in adminstering and interpreting the results.

The certification program, spread over two days, covers:

  • The philosophy, contstruction and development of the CPI260™ instrument
  • An understanding of the scales and their meaning
  • Classic profiles for various job positions
  • Sample sizes, reliability and validity
  • Administration, scoring, interpretation, and feedback


CPI260™ Client Feedback Report: Measures personality attributes used to describe professional and personal styles.

CPI260™ Coaching Report for Leaders: Identifies leaders’ strengths and blind spots.

Reliability & Validity

Abundant source material exists for the CPI™ instrument, which enjoys more than 50 years of usage, translations as well as study in more than 40 languages. The CPI™ Manual reports internal consistency (alpha) coefficients for the CPI260™ assessment scales based on a random sample of 3,000 males and 3,000 females, ranging from .54 to .86 with a median of .75. Test-retest correlations for high school students over a one-year interval range from .52 to .73 with a median of .66.


CPI260™ Manual: Describes how to ethically administer the instrument and interpret scores.

CPI260™ Client Feedback Report Guide for Interpretation: Helps you interpret scores and apply results in a business setting.

CPI260™ Coaching Report for Leaders User's Guide: Explains how to interpret and apply results for leadership development.

All of these are available in the Store section of our website.

Case Studies

Identifying Military Leaders with CPI260™ Assessment

When a division of the U.S. military wanted to improve its leadership development program for senior personnel, it asked CPP, Inc., to help it develop a system for capturing and using aggregate information to create performance benchmarks.

CPI™ Assessments Enable Transportation Company to Identify Sales Hires with High Potential

Having used CPP's CPI260™ assessment as a coaching tool with some other employees, a transportation company in the U.S. asked CPP to use the CPI260™ instrument to develop personality and competency profiles that would help identify the best hires.